Penetrometers and Shear Testers
Measure Surface and Subsurface Compaction with Penetrometers
Evaluate soil structure with penetrometers and shear testers from Ben Meadows. These hard-to-find tools measure the extent and depth of subsurface soil compaction giving you a way to gather cone index readings and determine root penetration rates. If you only need to measure surface compaction, a pocket penetrometer will get the job done.